Effective Use Of Instructional Materials In Secondary Schools
1.1 Background to the Study
Generally, in the whole world, particularly Corner stone for development. The teaching of Business Studies in Nigerian secondary schools needs to be properly handled. The material use by teachers to teach and drive home the subject point at the secondary level of our educational system is inconvertibly a paramount important issue in practical classroom interaction and success. Instructional materials are materials which assist teachers to make lessons explicit to learners. Instructional materials are the devices developed or acquired to facilitate teaching and transmit knowledge, skills and attitude to the learners within an instructional situation (Nwachukwu, 2004).
According to Abdullahi (2015), instructional materials are materials or tools locally made or imported that could make tremendous enhancement of lesson impart if intelligently used. Instructional materials include; visuals, audio, and audio-visuals materials such as pictures, flash-cards, posters, charts, tape recorder, radio, video, television, computers among others. These materials serve as a supplement to the normal process of instruction. (Osafehniti, 2013) points out that concrete or physical object which provides sound, visual or both the sense organ during teaching-learning process.
Teachers should use different instructional materials to motivate the learners to learn more effectively. Cronbac (2015) opined that the use of instructional materials during teaching and learning process could appeal to the individual’s attention among students by creating interest in order to attain the goal for the learner. He also noted that, the use of instructional materials can facilitate the decision of a person towards learning by taking the right actions. Learning is facilitated when learners make use of their sense organs for seeing, hearing and touching. (Morenfolia 2013) pointed out that instructional materials are normally chosen to meet the teaching requirements of an approved curriculum. Therefore, in the educational development, selection and acquisition of instructional materials in teaching Business Studies and the relevance of such materials for the contents of the curriculum must be ensured. However, students’ perception of the subject as being particularly oriented needed materials to be used in teaching of Business Studies in Junior Secondary Schools. It is against this background that extents to which the effective use of instructional materials could advance the teaching of Business Studies within Etinan Local Government Area.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
In Nigeria, often times when the results of public examination are released, there seems to have been mass failure in Business Studies. The reason for this could be attributed to the fact that there are some topics in Business Studies that pose serious challenge to the comprehension of the students. As such there is need for the use of instructional materials to teach the topics. This is because some topics cannot be taught effectively without the use of relevant instructional materials to make the lesson practical more meaningful. (Knight, 2015) stated that using the available instructional materials a student is expected to get the greatest satisfaction in the classroom during teaching. Suddenly, it has been found that most Business Studies teachers have not been using the available instructional materials and as such students are the worst heat in both internal and external examinations.
Many schools lack audio-visual equipment which will be needed to facilitate teaching and learning. There is need for teachers to be resourceful in order to use improvise materials for demonstration. This study was to investigate the influence of instructional materials and effective teaching and learning of Business Studies in secondary schools in Etinan Local Government Area.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study was to determine the effective use of instructional materials in secondary schools in Etinan Local Government Area.
Specifically, the study sought to:-
- Examine the use of visual materials in the teaching of Business Studies.
- Investigate on the use of visual materials in the teaching of Business Studies.
1.4 Significance of the Study
The instructional materials usage gives the learners opportunity to touch see and where possible listen in the teaching of Business Studies therefore, the study of this nature is significant to students, teachers and the Government at large. This is because, learning is a process through which knowledge, skills, habits, facts, ideas, and principles are acquired, retained and utilized and the only means of achieving this is through the effective use of instructional materials in the teaching and learning of Business Studies. The study would help to enhance teachers teaching effectiveness and productivity. It will further help the teachers to teach effectively in the class by exposing them to the real teaching objectives. Finally, the instructional materials in this study will enhance and have values in importing information to the learners, teachers, researchers and the government at large.
1.5 Research Hypotheses
The following research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study:-
- Visual instructional materials do not significantly influence Business Studies teaching in secondary school in Etinan Local Government Area.
- Audio-visual instructional materials do not significantly influence Business Studies teaching in Junior Secondary Schools in Etinan Local Government Area.