Comparative Analysis of Academic Performance of Political Science Students
The study investigated Comparative Analysis of Academic Performance of Political Science Students in College of Education, Afaha Nsit in 2012/2013 and 2014/2015 academic year. The population of the study comprised all senior secondary two (SS2) students in Etinan Local Government Area of the 2017/2018 academic session. The sample size used for the study was one hundred students (100) drawn from four public schools in the study. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested. A survey research design was adopted for the study. Questionnaire on Parental Educational Status and Academic Performance (QPESAP) and Government Performance Test (GPT) were the instruments used to collect data for the study. Data analysis was done using independent statistical technique. Findings showed that there is a significant difference in academic performance of students from high educational parental status and those students from low educational parental status in Government; also that there is no significant difference in academic performance of male and female students from high educational parental status in Government in secondary schools in Etinan Local Government Area. Based on these findings, it is recommended that Parents should attend adult education programme to increase their educational status so as to assist their children at home in doing their assignment and also to assist them in gaining employment in organizations that they can assist in providing school materials for the students. It was therefore concluded that parent educational status influence the academic performance of students in secondary schools especially in the formative age.
1.1 Background to the Study
Education is the process of facilitating learning or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs and habits. Education takes place frequently under the guidance of educators but learners may also educate themselves. The objective of education is always evaluated using examination. According to Uduh (2009) examination is the process of finding out how much of the objectives of education has been achieved, that is how the specific task a learners has learnt. Similarly, Ekpo (2014) defined education has as a tool of measuring and judging the standard of education in any country.
Examination could be internally conducted. Internal examination are usually developed and ministered by schools using teachers-made test. These could be conducted weekly, terminally or at the end of the school year. The National Council for Colleges of Education (NCCE) have given College of Education, Afaha Nsit the right to offer internal examinations which are often used to set a standard for school performance as well as student’s performances and also used to award certificate just like other certificate examination bodies such as West African Examination Council (WAEC) and National Examination Council (NECO).
The controversy regarding the performance of students in Political science department today is a general issue. There is a lot of disagreement as to which of these examination bodies produce the better result. The general conclusion, however, is that students performs poorly in the department in both Political Science courses and other courses including Education and General courses. Stakeholders have continued to trade blames on the causes of failure or poor performance of students in public examination on parents, society, and the students with the teachers having a lion share of the blame. As accusations and counter-accusations on who is to be blame on the poor performance of students persists, the fact remains that all the stakeholders have a role to play in solving the problems of abysmal failure of students in public examination.
Comparative Analysis of Academic Performance of Political Science Students
Personal observation has revealed a general poor performance in Political Science courses over the years and high grade in Educational courses thereby making some students to dropout while others stay longer than the recommended period of studies in the department. This then formed the background that this study was carried out to compare academic performance of students in Political Science courses between 2012/2013 and 2014/2015 academic year in Akwa Ibom State College of Education, Afaha Nsit.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Every child needs to be equipped with the essential tools of knowledge, according to the varying extent of their abilities so that they can make contributions to the economy and the government of their community which will improve their quality of life and self-fulfillment. However, the yearly percentage grandaunt in Political Science Department of college of Education Afaha Nsit tends to be different between various academic years.
These upward trends of differences in the number of graduates between various years motivate the researcher to carry out a comparative study of students’ performance in political science in 2012/2013 and 2014/2015 academic year in Akwa Ibom State college of Education, Afaha Nsit.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The study is designed to comparatively analyze the academic performance of political science students in College of Education, Afaha Nsit in 2012/2013 and 2014/2015 academic year. Specifically, the study intends to:
- Examine whether to what extent there is a significant difference in students’ academic performance in political Science courses in 2012/2013 and 2014/2015 academic year in College of Education, Afaha Nsit.
- Find out if the male and female students academic performance differ in political science courses in 2012/2013 and 2014/2015 academic year in College of Education, Afaha Nsit.
1.4 Significance of the Study
The findings of the study will be significant in the following ways; it will provide information to the department regarding the students’ academic performance in Political Science courses in particular. It will help the lecturers in carrying out periodic review of their pattern of questions. The curriculum designers may find useful during the development of the curriculum in political science for future. It will also be useful to the College in determining the level of their preparedness for each of the examination to enhance improvement in academic performance of students. Government may find it useful in making educational policies bordering on the provision staff and facilities necessary for teaching political science courses in order to improve and promote the academic performance of students. This study will also help the schools in evaluating the effectiveness of the lecturers in the teaching these courses. The study will also be of great significance to future researchers who may wish to carry out more studies in related topic.
1.5 Research Questions
In order to achieve the above stated objectives, the following research questions were raised:
- To what extent does the students’ academic performance in political Science courses in 2012/2013 academic year differ from 2014/2015 academic year?
- To what extent does the academic performance between male and female students academic performance differ in political science courses in 2012/2013 and 2014/2015 academic year?
1.6 Research Hypotheses
In order to answer the above stated research questions, the following research hypotheses were raised:
- There is no significant difference in students’ academic performance in political Science courses in 2012/2013 and 2014/2015 academic year.
- There is no significant difference in academic performance between male and female students in political science courses in 2012/2013 and 2014/2015 academic year.
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